Circadian energy intake evaluation of a group of office workers in Porto.


  • Cristiana D Setas Serviço de Endocrinologia, Hospital S. João, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade do Porto.
  • Sílvia C Pinhão
  • Davide M Carvalho
  • Flora C Correia
  • José L Medina



The importance of food in health promotion and disease prevention is well known. The aims of our study were to evaluate the daily energy intake of an adult group; to study the association of a 24 hour recall (R24h) and a Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ); to analyse energy intake variation with obesity and to verify if our sample had an ingestion according to DRI's. We studied a convenience sample of Portuguese adult population of 154 office workers (121 women), with a mean of ages of 44.2 +/- 12.1 years. We used a self administered FFQ and a R24h to evaluate food habits. Middle number of meals was 4.8 +/- 1.0 meals (breakfast, lunch and dinner were the most frequent). Middle daily ingestion was 1908 +/- 559 kcal. Men had a superior energy intake at all meals, except at afternoon snack and supper. We did not find any relation between BMI and food intake, BMI is only related with age. We compared our sample ingestion with DRI's and verified that vitamins B1, B2, B12, B6, C, niacin, Fe and P, were totally reached, and the inverse was obtained in Zn, folate, vitamin D and E, pantothenic acid and biotin. We conclude that our sample ingestion of protein is higher than the recommended, carbohydrates is less consume than the recommended and only recommendations of fat and alcohol consumption were in agreement with WHO recommendations.


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Setas CD, Pinhão SC, Carvalho DM, Correia FC, Medina JL. Circadian energy intake evaluation of a group of office workers in Porto. Acta Med Port [Internet]. 2004 Dec. 31 [cited 2024 Feb. 25];17(6):417-26. Available from:



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