Campylobacter jejuni Pericarditis: A Case Report


  • Joao Neves-Maia Serviço de Medicina Interna. Centro Hospitalar Universitário do Porto. Porto.
  • Catarina Gomes Serviço de Cardiologia. Centro Hospitalar Universitário do Porto. Porto.
  • António Marinho Unidade de Imunologia Clínica. Centro Hospitalar Universitário do Porto. Porto.
  • Rute Alves Serviço de Medicina Intensiva e Polivalente. Centro Hospitalar Vila Nova de Gaia/Espinho. Gaia.



Agammaglobulinemia, Campylobacter Infections, Campylobacter jejuni, Pericarditis


Campylobacter jejuni is one of the most common causes of enteritis. In rare cases, extraintestinal infection can occur, with a handful of cases of cardiac involvement, of which the pathophysiological mechanism is unclear. We report a case of pericarditis in a patient with X-linked agammaglobulinemia presenting with chronic diarrhea and chest pain who evolved to cardiac tamponade, requiring a pericardial window and a long course of broad-spectrum antibiotics. To the best of our knowledge, this is the third case of pericarditis caused by Campylobacter jejuni reported in the literature, the second in a patient with X-linked agammaglobulinemia. Despite its rarity, this case serves as a reminder of Campylobacter as a potential cause of cardiac inflammation for clinicians treating pericarditis/myocarditis, especially in patients with a history of diarrhea or immunosuppression.


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How to Cite

Neves-Maia J, Gomes C, Marinho A, Alves R. Campylobacter jejuni Pericarditis: A Case Report. Acta Med Port [Internet]. 2022 Apr. 28 [cited 2023 Jun. 9];35(12):912-4. Available from:



Case Report