Various criteria for the choice of the empirical antibiotic treatment of pneumonia in intensive care.

A Sarmento


In this paper we present a synopsis of the recommendations of three Consensus Conferences (from the American Thoracic Society and the American Society of Infectious Diseases) for the empirical antibiotic treatment of severe community and hospital acquired pneumonia. Several groups are defined according to the existence of specific risk factors, severity of the disease and timing of the onset of pneumonia (in the case of nosocomial pneumonia). Each group has more likely pathogens and several antimicrobial agents are proposed. However the option must always rely on the local microbiological sensitivity pattern.

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