Tumor markers (advances and limits).

F R Gomes

Abstract


The author reviews and discusses the clinical utility of the major tumor markers. In spite of advances in the analytical systems, until recently there were no tumor markers that detect early stage cancer or that were absolutely specific or diagnostic for malignancy. Most of them are normal glycoproteins (that accompany the genetic deregulation of carcinogenesis) which are released into the blood and depend on liver function for their catabolism. Therefore such assays are of no use for screening healthy populations and a normal value does not exclude cancer. Their use may be of great help to the clinician in a number of ways: (1) primary staging of patients known to have cancer; (2) screening of high-risk individuals for the presence of some malignancies; (3) monitoring of the effectiveness of therapy; (4) patient's follow-up for early detection of relapses or metastases; (5) prognostic indexes; and (6) immunodetection of metastatic sites. Whatever the applications, a good clinical judgement is crucial for the use of these assays, with a critical look at the extent to which they contribute to a favorable outcome. At present, we think that their use in check-up studies should be avoided.

Full Text:

PDF (Português)


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.