Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis.

M Pinto, J Correia, I Leal, A Reis, B Leão, S de Carvalho, C S Sousa


We report a case of a 23 year-old man admitted to hospital with cough, fever and recurrent episodes of haemoptysis. Laboratory findings, which included a pulmonary biopsy, established the diagnosis of Idiophatic Pulmonary Hemosiderosis (IPH). Despite a number of morphologic, immunologic and ultrastructural studies, the etiology and pathogenesis of this disease remain indetermined. To diagnose an IPH all the other causes of pulmonary hemorrhage must be excluded. This is a rare disease, even more rare in adults. Based on these facts the authors publish this article, which includes the case report and a literature review.

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