Assessment of iron requirements during treatment of anemia with recombinant human erythropoietin in patients with chronic renal insufficiency under hemodialysis.

C Oliveira, H Boquinhas, A Gaspar, T Adragão, J M Boquinhas, E C Júnior, J Simões

Abstract


Iron deficiency occurs often in patients with recombinant human Erythropoietin (rhEPO) therapy in chronic renal failure (CRF) associated anemia. We have studied 10 patients with CRF on regular hemodialysis (HD), female = 8, male = 2, average age = 49 [32 to 72], time on HD 44.2 +/- 25.0 months. Before starting rhEPO, the mean hemoglobin value was 7.36 +/- 1.29 gr/dl, the mean ferritin 695.4 +/- 276.0 ng/ml, the mean serum iron 160.3 +/- 49.5 micrograms/dl and the mean transferrin saturation 55.3 +/- 12.6%. Transfusional requirements in the 12 months Pré-rhEPO were 10.9 +/- 3.2 units. The rhEPO dose level was 80 U/kg body weight (3 times a week, after HD) in the Correction Period (mean time = 46.7 +/- 18.6 days), being reduced afterwards in order to remain target Hb stable between 10 and 11 gr/dl. Iron deficiency was detected (transferrin iron saturation less than 16% or serum ferritin less than 30 ng/ml) in 5 of the 10 patients. Patients have been divided into two Groups (GI--patients which developed iron deficiency; GII--patients which remained iron replete). There were no significant differences between GI and GII in the serum iron, transferrin and transferrin saturation values of the Pré-rhEPO. Serum ferritin in the Pré-rhEPO was lower in GI than GII (GI = 489.2 +/- 23.6 ng/ml; GII = 901.6 +/- 96.4 ng/ml; p less than 0.01). Falls in the transferrin iron saturation during the Correction Period and 3, 6 and 12 months and in the serum ferritin at 3, 6 and 12 months versus Pré-rhEPO have occurred.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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