Neuroradiology in the physiopathologic diagnosis of subarachnoid hemorrhage--cerebral aneurysm.

J G Campos, L B Gomes, A Almeida, A Fernandes, D Coutinho, J G Afonso, J Ferro, A Trindade, J L Antunes

Abstract


The clinical importance of the cerebral aneurismatic lesion in well known. In Portugal we still do not have reliable statistics regarding the occurrence of the subarachnoid hemorrhage, however we can make a comparison through Kassel's and Drake's studies where they refer that annually 28,000 North-Americans suffer from subarachnoid hemorrhage attributed to the rupture of the cerebral aneurysm. This is a clinical situation that needs to be analyzed, more so because if it is not diagnosed and treated in time, it can cause a high level of morbidity and mortality. From 1984 to 1990, the authors studied 208 clinical cases of in-patients at the Santa Maria Hospital who had been diagnosed as having subarachnoid hemorrhage-cerebral aneurysm. They analyzed 172 cranium-encephalic Tomographies and 190 cerebral Angiographies. They found levels that overlapped the series already published with respect to the location of the lesion, dimensions and age groups involved. They tried to relate the presence aneurysm in the willis arterial circle with the occurrence of locoregional anatomic variants that were detected in 51% of the patients with aneurysm of the anterior communicating artery and in 33% of the cases in the posterior communicating artery. The high occurrence of serious forms of tomodensitrometric presentation should also be emphasized. As a matter of fact, 42.6% of the patients studied were grouped in degree IV of the Fisher Scale. This result translates the effort that is still required towards an early clinical and imaging diagnosis of warning hemorrhage to avoid or prevent a catastrophic hemorrhage recurrence.

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