Foods and nutrients modulates the release of anorexigenic gastrointestinal hormones.

Gustavo D Pimentel, Juliane C S Zemdegs

Abstract


The short-term regulation of food intake controls what, how much and when we eat during one day or a single meal. When ingested, the nutrients produce satiety by means of mechanic stimulation and hormonal release. Many of these hormones also inhibit gastric empting and increase the gastric mechanoreceptor stimulation. The present review of the literature focuses on the effect of different food and nutrients on the release of anorexigenic regulators of food intake, as polypeptide insulinotropic glucose dependent, oxyntomodulin, peptide YY, cholecystokinin, and glucagon-like peptide 1.

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