Neuro-Behçet: MR study of a group of patients.

Cristina Ramos, Goreti Sá, Vítor Tedim Cruz, Alexandra Lopes, João Xavier, Romeu Cruz


Behçet's disease is a chronic inflammatory, multisystemic disease of unknown aetiology. Central nervous system involvement occurs in a variable proportion of cases (4 to 49%) and is due to intracranial hypertension secondary to dural sinus thrombosis, inflammatory parenquimal lesions or recurrent meningoencephalitis. We reviewed 12 patients, 7 men and 5 women, aged between 27 to 40 years at the time of diagnosis. Neurological manifestations were secondary to parenquimal lesions in 7 patients, meningoencephalitis in 3 patients (including one with extensive medullary lesion) and dural sinus thrombosis in 2. Magnetic Resonance (MR) findings in Neuro-Behçet are non-specific. Nevertheless, MR has a role in characterizing brain lesions topography, helping in the diagnosis and in the follow-up of these patients.

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