Liver Multiacinar Regenerative Nodules: Imaging Findings and Clinical Implications

Henrique Donato, Luísa Andrade, Nina Bastati, Augusta Cipriano, Ahmed Ba-Ssalamah, Filipe Caseiro-Alves

Abstract


Introduction: Multiacinar regenerative nodules are benign hepatocellular nodules related to vascular disturbances of the liver. They strongly resemble conventional focal nodular hyperplasia but are connected to different clinical settings, typically chronic liver disease. The purpose of the present study was to describe the key imaging features of these lesions and compare them with a control arm of focal nodular hyperplasia.
Material and Methods: A blinded consensus review of liver magnetic resonance consisting of 26 cases of multiacinar regenerative nodules and 25 cases of focal nodular hyperplasia was performed. Lesion size, shape, margins, structure, T1 and T2 signal intensity, diffusion and contrast-enhanced features (including hepatobiliary phase), presence of a central scar and of a peripheral hypointense rim were compared between the two groups.
Results: Significant differences between multiacinar regenerative nodules and focal nodular hyperplasia included size (median 2.35 cm, IQR: 2.13, vs 6.00 cm, IQR: 5.20, respectively, p < 0.001), presence of a peripheral hypointense rim after contrast (n = 9 vs n = 2 cases, p = 0.038) and of a central scar (n = 9 vs n = 20, p = 0.002). There were no other significant differences.
Discussion: Overall multiacinar regenerative nodules and focal nodular hyperplasia have very similar imaging features but lack of a central scar and presence of a hypointense rim should suggest a diagnosis of multiacinar regenerative nodules.
Conclusions: Recognition of the imaging findings of multiacinar regenerative nodules can explain some atypical cases of focal nodular hyperplasia, avoiding unnecessary biopsies. They may also be the trigger to investigate an unsuspected underlying liver vascular abnormality.


Keywords


Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury; Focal Nodular Hyperplasia; Liver Diseases; Liver Neoplasms; Liver Regeneration; Magnetic Resonance Imaging

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