The Health Effects and Anesthetic Management for Patients Using E-Cigarettes and Heat-Not-Burn Tobacco Products: A Narrative Review

Authors

  • Daniela Pereira Hospital de Santa Maria. Centro Hospitalar Universitário Lisboa Norte. Lisboa.
  • Andreia dos Santos Borrego Hospital de Santa Maria. Centro Hospitalar Universitário Lisboa Norte. Lisboa.
  • Ângela Garcia Alves Hospital de Santa Maria. Centro Hospitalar Universitário Lisboa Norte. Lisboa.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20344/amp.16904

Keywords:

Anesthesia, Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems, Vaping/adverse effects

Abstract

Introduction: The implementation of policies aimed at promoting smoking cessation led to a decrease in the use of tobacco. There has been an increase in the use of systems such as electronic nicotine delivery systems and electronic non-nicotine delivery systems - also known as electronic cigarettes, and heat-not-burn tobacco products. The aim of this review is to describe the pathophysiological implications of these devices and their perioperative impact.
Material and Methods: A literature search was carried out by the authors to identify studies published in English on PubMed and MEDLINE between 2007 and 2021, and using the terms ‘vaping’, ‘electronic nicotine delivery systems’, ‘heated tobacco products’, ‘IQOS’ and ‘anesthesia’. A total of 654 articles were found, and the most relevant ones were selected.
Results: There is currently insufficient information available regarding the perioperative implications of electronic cigarettes and heat not-burn tobacco products. These devices release potentially harmful substances - such as nicotine – that have a negative impact on the health of consumers. These substances affect the cardiovascular, respiratory and immune systems, and can interact with multiple drugs, which can affect the anesthetic management. The users of these devices are also at a higher risk of explosion injuries and cancer. A number of interventions that may improve the perioperative management of these patients are suggested.
Conclusion: Awareness of the potential harmful effects of these devices, and their perioperative implications, is essential, as it enables the implementation of interventions to minimize the risks and improve patient outcomes.

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Published

2022-09-01

How to Cite

1.
Pereira D, dos Santos Borrego A, Garcia Alves Ângela. The Health Effects and Anesthetic Management for Patients Using E-Cigarettes and Heat-Not-Burn Tobacco Products: A Narrative Review. Acta Med Port [Internet]. 2022 Sep. 1 [cited 2023 Feb. 1];35(9):663-8. Available from: https://actamedicaportuguesa.com/revista/index.php/amp/article/view/16904

Issue

Section

Review Articles